ase.visualize.view(atoms, data=None, viewer=None, repeat=None)

This provides an interface to various visualization tools, such as ase.gui, RasMol, VMD, gOpenMol, Avogadro, ParaView or NGLView. The default viewer is the ase.gui, described in the ase.gui module. The simplest invocation is:

>>> from ase.visualize import view
>>> view(atoms)

where atoms is any Atoms object. Alternative viewers can be used by specifying the optional keyword viewer=... - use one of ‘ase.gui’, ‘gopenmol’, ‘vmd’, ‘rasmol’, ‘paraview’, ‘ngl’. The VMD and Avogadro viewers can take an optional data argument to show 3D data, such as charge density:

>>> view(atoms, viewer='VMD', data=...)

The nglview viewer additionally supports any indexible sequence of Atoms objects, e.g. lists of structures and Trajectory objects.

If you do not wish to open an interactive gui, but rather visualize your structure by dumping directly to a graphics file; you can use the write command of the module, which can write ‘eps’, ‘png’, and ‘pov’ files directly, like this:

>>> from import write
>>> write('image.png', atoms)

It is also possible to plot directly to a Matplotlib subplot object, which allows for a large degree of customisability. More information.

Viewer for Jupyter notebooks

A simple viewer based on X3D is built into ASE, which should work on modern browsers without additional packages, by typing the following command into a Jupyter notebook:

>>> view(atoms, viewer='x3d')

For a more feature-rich viewer, nglview is a dedicated viewer for the Jupyter notebook interface. It uses an embeddable NGL WebGL molecular viewer. The viewer works only in the web browser environment and embeds the live javascript output into the notebook. To utilize this functionality you need to have NGLView and ipywidgets packages installed in addition to the Jupyter notebook.

The basic usage provided by the ase.visualize.view() function exposes only small fraction of the NGL widget capabilities. The simplest form:

>>> view(atoms, viewer='ngl')

creates interactive ngl viewer widget with the few additional control widgets added on the side. The object returned by the above call is a reference to the \(.gui\) member of the ase.visualize.nglview.NGLDisplay containing actual viewer (\(.view\) member), a reference to control widgets box (\(.control_box\) member) and ase.visualize.view.nglview.NGLDisplay.custom_colors() method. The notebook interface is not blocked by the above call and the returned object may be further manipulated by the following code in the separate cell (the \(_\) variable contains output from the previous cell):

>>> v=_
>>> v.custom_colors({'Mn':'green','As':'blue'})
>>> v.view._remote_call("setSize", target="Widget", args=["400px", "400px"])
>>> v.view.center_view()
>>> v.view.background='#ffc'
>>> v.view.parameters=dict(clipDist=-200)

The \(.view\) member exposes full API of the NGLView widget. The \(.control_box\) member is a ipywidgets.HBox containing nglview.widget.NGLWidget and ipywidgets.VBox with control widgets. For the full documentation of these objects consult the NGLView, NGL and ipywidgets websites.

class ase.visualize.ngl.NGLDisplay(atoms, xsize=500, ysize=500)[source]

Structure display class

Provides basic structure/trajectory display in the notebook and optional gui which can be used to enhance its usability. It is also possible to extend the functionality of the particular instance of the viewer by adding further widgets manipulating the structure.


Define custom colors for some atoms. Pass a dictionary of the form {‘Fe’:’red’, ‘Au’:’yellow’} to the function. To reset the map to default call the method without parameters.

ase.visualize.ngl.view_ngl(atoms, data=None, repeat=None, w=500, h=500)[source]

Returns the nglviewer + some control widgets in the VBox ipywidget. The viewer supports any Atoms objectand any sequence of Atoms objects. The returned object has two shortcuts members:


nglviewer ipywidget for direct interaction


VBox ipywidget containing view control widgets

Plotting iso-surfaces with Mayavi

The ase.visualize.mlab.plot() function can be used from the command-line:

$ python -m ase.visualize.mlab abc.cube

to plot data from a cube-file or alternatively a wave function or an electron density from a calculator restart file:

$ python -m ase.visualize.mlab -C gpaw abc.gpw


-h, --help

show this help message and exit

-n INDEX, --band-index=INDEX

Band index counting from zero.

-s SPIN, --spin-index=SPIN

Spin index: zero or one.

-e, --electrostatic-potential

Plot the electrostatic potential.

-c CONTOURS, --contours=CONTOURS

Use “-c 3” for 3 contours or “-c -0.5,0.5” for specific values. Default is four contours.

-r REPEAT, --repeat=REPEAT

Example: “-r 2,2,2”.

-C NAME, --calculator-name=NAME

Name of calculator.

ase.visualize.mlab.plot(atoms, data, contours)[source]

Plot atoms, unit-cell and iso-surfaces using Mayavi.


atoms: Atoms object

Positions, atomiz numbers and unit-cell.

data: 3-d ndarray of float

Data for iso-surfaces.

countours: list of float

Contour values.


>>> import matplotlib.pyplot as plt
>>> from ase.visualize.plot import plot_atoms
>>> from ase.lattice.cubic import FaceCenteredCubic
>>> slab = FaceCenteredCubic('Au', size=(2, 2, 2))
>>> fig, ax = plt.subplots()
>>> plot_atoms(slab, ax, radii=0.3, rotation=('90x,45y,0z'))
>>> fig.savefig("ase_slab.png")

The data is plotted directly to a Matplotlib subplot object, giving a large degree of customizability.

>>> import matplotlib.pyplot as plt
>>> from ase.visualize.plot import plot_atoms
>>> from ase.lattice.cubic import FaceCenteredCubic
>>> slab = FaceCenteredCubic('Au', size=(2, 2, 2))
>>> fig, axarr = plt.subplots(1, 4, figsize=(15, 5))
>>> plot_atoms(slab, axarr[0], radii=0.3, rotation=('0x,0y,0z'))
>>> plot_atoms(slab, axarr[1], scale=0.7, offset=(3, 4), radii=0.3, rotation=('0x,0y,0z'))
>>> plot_atoms(slab, axarr[2], radii=0.3, rotation=('45x,45y,0z'))
>>> plot_atoms(slab, axarr[3], radii=0.3, rotation=('0x,0y,0z'))
>>> axarr[0].set_title("No rotation")
>>> axarr[1].set_xlabel("X-axis, [$\mathrm{\AA}$]")
>>> axarr[1].set_ylabel("Y-axis, [$\mathrm{\AA}$]")
>>> axarr[2].set_axis_off()
>>> axarr[3].set_xlim(2, 6)
>>> axarr[3].set_ylim(2, 6)
>>> fig.savefig("ase_slab_multiple.png")
>>> stem_image = mpimg.imread("stem_image.jpg")
>>> atom_pos = [(0.0, 0.0, 0.0), (0.5, 0.5, 0.5), (0.5, 0.5, 0.0)]
>>> srtio3 = crystal(['Sr','Ti','O'], atom_pos, spacegroup=221, cellpar=3.905, size=(3, 3, 3))
>>> fig, ax = plt.subplots()
>>> ax.imshow(stem_image, cmap='gray')
>>> plot_atoms(srtio3, ax, radii=0.3, scale=6.3, offset=(47, 54), rotation=('90x,45y,56z'))
>>> ax.set_xlim(0, stem_image.shape[0])
>>> ax.set_ylim(0, stem_image.shape[1])
>>> ax.set_axis_off()
>>> fig.tight_layout()
>>> fig.savefig("iomatplotlib3.png")