CAMd Summer school 2012¶
Logging in to the databar terminals¶
When you log into the databars, you can select various desktop environments. Please choose IceWM, the other choices will cause trouble!
Exercises will make use of terminals. It is important that you open the terminal on one of the Linux servers, not on the Sun server running the graphical user interface, as GPAW will not work on it. Choosefrom the GBar menu, accessible by right-clicking on the desktop in IceWM. Or press the Terminal icon on the bottom toolbar.
Setting up your UNIX environment¶
The first time you use the databar computers, you must configure your environment. Run the commands:
$ cd $ mv .bashrc old.bashrc $ cp ~jasc/camd.bashrc .bashrc $ source ~/.bashrc
This will set up the environment for you so that you can use ASE, GPAW, VMD and matplotlib.
Note that the filename
.bashrc starts with a period, making it a
hidden file in Unix. Also note that the tilde (~) key on the databar
computers is in an unusual place: Alt Graph 5
Running GPAW calculations¶
GPAW calculations are written as Python scripts, which can be run with the command:
$ python filename.py
If the calculation lasts more than a few seconds, submit it to the queue instead of running it directly:
$ gpaw-qsub filename.py
This will allow the script to be executed on a different host, so the
jobs will be distributed efficiently even if many users logged on to
the same computer. The output from your script will be written to the
NNNNNN is a job number. Normal output (stdout) goes to
.oNNNNNN file, whereas error messages (stderr) goes to
.eNNNNNN. Unlike some queue systems these files appear when
the job starts, so you can follow job progress by looking at them.
You can run jobs in parallel, using more CPUs for increased speed, by specifying e.g. 4 CPUs like this:
$ gpaw-qsub -p 4 filename.py
qstat -u USERNAME commands can be used to
monitor running jobs, and
qdel JOB_ID to delete jobs if
necessary. On the joblist from
qstat, you can find the JOB_ID.
You can also see the status of the jobs, Q means queued, R means
running, C means completed (jobs remain on the list for a while after
Notes and hints¶
- Editor: Several editors are available including emacs, vim and gedit.
- Printer: There is a printer in each databar, the name is written on
the printer. To use it from a terminal:
lp -d printename filename. Read more about printing here.
- To open a pdf-file:
- How to use USB sticks.
- The normal tilde (~) key combination is not functional on the databar computers. Use Alt Graph + 5 to type a tilde.
Using your own laptop¶
If you wish to use your own laptop to log into the databar, that is indeed possible. You can either log in via SSH (secure shell) or using the ThinLinc client. Note that most likely we cannot help you getting it to work if something on your laptop causes trouble.
Linux and Mac laptops¶
You need to open a terminal and log in to
there, you log onto one of the Linux hosts.
$ ssh -X USERNAME@login.gbar.dtu.dk ( ... message of the day is printed ... ) $ linuxsh -X
As there is no X server running on a windows laptop, you either have to install one, or use a full-screen client such as ThinLinc.
Note that we recommend going into Options, Screen and disable full
screen mode. Either set the resolution to Near current screen
size, or if that still gives a too large window, set the size
manually. When logging in with thinlinc, you need to log in to the
thinlinc.gbar.dtu.dk and proceed as if you logged into a
An more pleasant (but more complicated) alternative to ThinLinc is to install an X server. Help on doing this can be found on the Niflheim wiki.
When loggin in using an X server, you should log in to
login.gbar.dtu.dk and proceed to the Linux hosts with the
$ linuxsh -X