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Intel Active Management Technology (AMT)
Intel® Active Management Technology (Intel® AMT) is a feature of Intel® Core™ processors with Intel® vPro™ technology1,2 and workstation platforms based on select Intel® Xeon® processors. Intel® AMT uses integrated platform capabilities and popular third-party management and security applications, to allow IT or managed service providers to better discover, repair, and help protect their networked computing assets. Intel® AMT also saves time with remote maintenance and wireless manageability for your mobile workforce, and secure drive wiping to simplify PC lifecycle transitions.
See also Wikipedia articles on:
A partial list of AMT security holes:
Intel ME configuration is included in the BIOS by the Intel ® Management Engine BIOS Extension (Intel MEBX). The Intel MEBX provides the ability to change and/or collect the system hardware configuration, passes it to the management firmware and provides the Intel ME configuration user interface.
This option is usually not displayed on the PC boot screen.
When creating an MEBX admin password, it is important to note that the BIOS will interpret keystrokes assuming a US keyboard layout.
The documented default password for user admin is also admin. If AMT is enabled, this password must be changed.
Since non-alphanumeric characters are required in MEBX passwords, it is important to take note the actual characters typed into the BIOS, since they may be different when you login to the AMT from a web-browser or other tool! In BIOS setup, a US keyboard layout is assumed.
AMT default login: Boot and press control-P. Login as admin/admin
AMT Forensics: Retrieve Intel AMT's Audit Log from a Linux machine without knowing the admin user's password. https://github.com/google/amt-forensics
AMT status checker for Linux: https://github.com/mjg59/mei-amt-check